1 (1991): 16 and dale kinny, “spolia,” st peter's in the vatican, ed william tronzo (new york: cambridge university press, 2005), 33 6 the most significant studies on the pigna fountain are finch, “cantharus and pigna,” 16-26 dale kinney, “spolia,” st peter's in the vatican, 31-34 and richard krautheimer , corpus. Designed and built by bernini between 1656 and 1667, during the pontificate of alexander vii (1655-1667), the square is made up of two different areas the first has a trapezoid shape, marked off by two straight closed and convergent arms on each side of the church square the second area is elliptical and is surrounded. Pietro zander (reverenda fabbrica di san pietro), la costruzione della basilica costantiniana nelle testimonianze superstiti della necropoli di san pietro richard gem (uk), constantine, constans and st peter's: a new solution to the building history of the 4th-century basilica lex bosman (university of amsterdam), spolia. 5), as well as early christian basilicas (pensabene 1995), such as the lateran basilica and old st peter's the reuse of architectural elements in new construction became common practice from the fourth through to the sixth centuries, despite the fact that the dismantling of unused temples was prohibited by.
But a closer look at the spolia used for the new st peter's reveals that almost no intact ancient structure had to suffer it was mostly remnants that were transported to the vatican, and thus new residential space was opened in the center of rome for what was once again a growing population keywords: st peter rome. L bosman discusses the use, potential or ascertained, of spolia in the construction of st peter's basilica o brandt reviews the evidence for a baptistery at the vatican as of the pontificate of damasus mck examines the testimony offered by the liber pontificalis for the old st peter's basilica, thereby highlighting the. Power of tradition: spolia in the architecture of st peter's in the vatican, hilversum 2004, p 19 24 odahl, p 151 curran, pp 93-6 25 krautheimer, ' constantinian basilica', p 131 fn 53 for a different approach see gw bowersock, 'peter and constantine' in w tronzo (ed) st peter's in the vatican, cambridge 2005, pp.
Therefore, can specific meanings be read into the use of spolia at saint peter's the fourth-century basilica incorporated several important features that are symptomatic of the architecture of late antiquity in general, but there is a limit to how certain we can be of the details: although the original plan of old saint peter's is. 13 while there are records of stone being moved by means of barge for the construction of the tribune of nicholas v at st peter's, the type of stone and its origin is not specified in the early sixteenth century, spurred by the construction of new st peter's, julius ii opened a travertine quarry in fiano romano. Dale kinney's comprehensive essay, “spolia,” traces the motifs of the pagan world that remain in st peter's, suggestively tracking their symbolic and material origins, and showing the extent to which the pagan world is present in the successive basilicas (with an emphasis on old st peter's) kinney, long. Many of the columns used in building old st peter's were taken from earlier roman buildings materials thus reused are known as spolia main entrance with africano columns from osp 14 the group of spiral columns that decorated the altar area at old st peter's had a special significance, for they were.
J alchermes, spolia in roman cities of the late empire: legislative rationales and architectural reuse, dumbarton oaks papers 48 (1994), 167-78 s bassett, the urban image of late antique constantinople (cambridge, 2004) l bosman, the power of tradition: spolia in the architecture of st peter's in the vatican. For the sake of argument, i propose that in the european and mediterranean middle ages, spolia were either trophies or orphans even the blatantly dionysiac imagery of the “corkscrew” columns that adorned the shrine of saint peter, gifts of constantine, did not cause the precious columns to be viewed as pagan. In exploring the columns in st peter's it is apparent that deeply embedded within the history of the twisted vine column form exists the idea of spolia whether it is the original placement of the ancient columns in st peter's, the re-usage of the form during the renaissance, the existence of the form in other.
New anchoring in the basilica of st peter – spolia architecture was also used as a way of anchoring the basilica in the past:35 spolia, being the reuse of older building parts in new contexts, is a phenomenon we see all over the world throughout history, but with the constantinian basilicas the practice became far more.
The subject denoted by spolia is materials or artifacts in reuse as indicated by the subheading in the dictionary of art , initially spolia were reused bits of ancient rome: the second-century reliefs on the fourth-century arch of constantine, or the ancient column shafts and capitals in st peter's and other christian basilicas. Church and st peter's in rome the arch of constantine consecrated in 315 in honour of the victory of con- stantine over maxentius at the milvian bridge is a very obvious example of ideological symbolism through spolia materials it includes both new reliefs and reliefs taken from older triumphal monuments of trajanic. Dale kinney, spolia, in st peter's in the vatican, ed william tronzo, forthcoming richard krautheimer, the building inscriptions and the dates of construction of old st peter's: a reconsideration, römisches jahrbuch der bibliotheca hertziana 25 (1989), 1–23 richard krautheimer, spencer corbett, wolfgang frankl.